Robotics Projects for Engineering Students

The term Robot was first introduced by a Czech playwright Karel Capek in the year 1920.It is an intelligent mechanical device. Robotics is one of the branches of technology and deals with designing, creation, operations and applications of robots. The robotics word was derived from the word robot.

The present generation are more considerable in inventing machines that could make their life easier. Robots is one such invention which helps a human to do a work much faster and in a safe manner. Robotics is the branch of technology that deals with the design, construction, operation and application of robots. People are interested in low-power, high speed, reliable solutions.


For selecting a robotic project, every engineering student should consider the following aspects:

  • Is it beneficial for community ?
  • Is the robot capable of solving technical issues.
  • Is it cost effective.

If it is feasible, then the following components has to be considered for assembling a robot:

  • Microcontroller
  • Sensors
  • Indicators
  • Control(Autonomous or computer controlled)
  • Communication(Wired or wireless)
  • Dimensions
  • Power
  • Locomotion

Generally there are four types of robots namely, serial type, mobile type, parallel type and walking type. The major elements of robots include manipulators, end effectors, grippers, power supply and controllers. Robots are used in many applications like medial, space communication and military applications. A few robots are capable of functioning on their own and few others need support from human side.

Industrial robots are used in industries for controlling, programming and  manipulating industrial activities.  These robots are designed to move parts, materials and tools and to perform a variety of tasks in manufacturing and production.  They are capable of carrying large weights.

Let’s now consider a few robotic project ideas for engineering students using microcontroller:

  • Pick-N- Place Robotic Arm and the Movement Controlled by Android Wirelessly
  • Voice Controlled Robotic Vehicle with a Long Distance Speech Recognition
  • War Field Spying Robot with Night Vision Wireless Camera by Android Applications
  • Manchester Code Decoding Controls the Robots Direction by TV Remote
  • Fire Sensing and Control Robotics
  • Robotic Arm Control Through Internet LAN for Patient Operation
  • Fire Fighting Robot Remotely Operated by Android Applications
  • War Field Spying Robot with Night Vision Wireless Camera
  • Fire Fighting Robotic Vehicle
  • Pick-N-Place with a Soft Catching Gripper
  • Metal Detector Robotic Vehicle
  • Cell Phone Controlled Robotic Vehicle
  • Line following Robotic Vehicle Using Microcontroller
  • IR Controlled Robotic Vehicle
  • Touch Screen Based Remote Controlled Robotic Vehicle for Stores Management
  • Auto Metro Train to Shuttle between Stations
  • Obstacle Avoidance Robotic Vehicle
  • RF Controlled Robotic Vehicle with Laser Beam Management
  • Live Human Alerting and Detection Robot
  • Wireless PC Controlled Robot
  • RF Based Remote Controlled Robot with Wireless Video Camera Mounted on it
  • Autonomous Robot with Artificial Vision for Obstacle Detection
  • Wireless Room freshener Spraying Robot with Video Vision
  • Simple Pick and Place Robot
  • Touch Screen Controlled Intelligent Robot
  • Human Robot Interface Using Robust Speech Recognition
  • LPG Gas and Smoke Detection Robot with Wireless Control
  • PC Controlled Wireless Multipurpose Robot
  • Voice Recognizing Robot with a Fire Sensor Indication
  • Remote Controlling Robot with a Fire Sensor
  • Robotic Arm Interfaced with MCU/RF/IR/PC
  • Speed Sprayer Robot
  • Solar Panel Tracking Robo
  • Mobile Controlled Robot using GSM

     

Robotics projects enable students to learn basic concepts and techniques which will challenge them to face large and complex robotics as they become used to practicing them.

 

PLC training methodology

Generally the Industrial Automation courses includes PLC SCADA HMI VFD SERVO DCS Electrical Design Pneumatics Hydraulics and Motion controls. Effective, high-quality training is absolutely essential for a successful operation in industries. Targeted automation systems training that empowers associates to learn real-world skills and gives them the confidence and know-how to handle robots effectively on work platform.
The curriculum should be developed in-house, clearly written, in an easy to understand format, catering to today’s production needs demand flexibility. It should be capable of engaging the customers.
The essential areas of coverage includes robot operations, programming, automation system training, maintenance and troubleshooting for all major brands.

  • The course curriculum has to be framed to cover everything from simple operational courses to complex, application-specific automation systems training  like incorporate robotics, controls, safety concerns and equipment. It should be able to meet your specific goals, objectives, technologies and budget.
  • Proven training techniques that focus on hands-on robotics objectives,  has to be logically presented in a user-friendly manner.
  • All key aspects are discussed and examples are given to assist the trainer
  • Tests based on the core knowledge has to be given to each student
  • Reference materials has to be  laid out in a user-friendly, easy-to-access format, making critical knowledge easily obtainable
  • Practical sessions has to be  developed from years of experience, using proven training methods. Not only do they make the instructor’s work easier, but more importantly create more consistent skill-building. All of the labs has to be hands-on, intensive and have proven successful for the students attending.

Importance of robotics training

The  robotics is the branch of the computer science , the mechanical engineering , and the electrical engineering that deals with the construction , the design , the operation and the application of robots as well as the computer systems for their control , sensory feedback , and information processing .

The educational robots strengthen  and enhances the skills of the students and allows them to gain knowledge on creation , the design , the assembly and the operation of robots .

The creation  by using robotics is built with different types of materials which are controlled by a computer system , So , they are called the prototypes or the simulations . There are a perfect relation between the robot hardware and the robot software in the robotics  because the robotics movements are a link between the physical and the logical .

The robotics are vital in automation Technology. Robotics adapt the students to the current production processes which is related to the use of the mechanical , the electronic and the computer-based , in the operation and control of the production .

robotics-2

The robotics are an easy and fun way to help the student to be interested in science , the educational robots are really educational and exciting , they help the students to understand as the robotics system is considered beyond a working application .

Studying the robotics in the classroom engages the youth who would interested in the technology or the engineering , and bring high-technology down to the practical everyday level . The robotics can help the students increase the creativity with engineering disciplines , They can build and strengthen cognitive development such as the mathematics , the engineering , the communication skills , the strategic thinking and goal-oriented thinking . The robotics can build the engineering intuition through constant engineering process , and it can emphasize the meaningful problem-based learning through the integration and application of knowledge .

The robotics can engage the students in the complex , strategic problem-solving , computational thinking and higher order thinking in the successful research in science and  engineering .

The robotics can build the ability to think through the problems strategically with a focus on logical reasoning , analytical reasoning , and the critical thinking ,  This ability is required not only in the  critical science fields , but a lot other professional areas as well .

The robotics can prepare the students for the competitive workforce especially in science technology which will be in great demand and they are creative ways to keep the learning going .

Need for Robotics

Robots are more potential than humans and their outcomes are incredible and marvelous. Robotics are sure to take the position of human labor in all industries for increased production and revenue. In future we may find ourselves integrating with the robots for successful completion of any task. But critics say that, we still don’t know how safe, effective, and accessible human enhancement technologies will be. It’s also an open question as to whether or not human enhancement will ever be socially sanctioned. Let’s now consider how could robots outrun human intervention:

1. Mass Production

It’s easier to build robots to perform task for us. When a robot is built, they ensure mass production in a more considerable time rather than humans. Industries rely on fully automated systems capable of manufacturing other robots on an assembly line.

2. Mind Transfer From One Robot to Another

Robots will be able to change their bodies at will.In the far future, robots will be able to transfer, or upload, their digital minds from one robot to another. Should a robot body fail, become obsolete, or inadequate for a given task, there will always be another one available.

3. Advanced Intelligence

Digital or hybrid minds will be far more robust and specialized than those of humans.

A robotic brain could be designed to excel at any number of arbitrary tasks. Robots will be able to calculate better and faster than humans, have superior pattern recognition skills, unlimited attention spans, and infallible memory.

4. Easier to Upgrade

Robots will also have improved access to their internal physical and cognitive states. It’ll be easy for us to upgrade robots, but they’ll eventually be able to do it themselves. Robots will improve faster than humans and adapt quicker to new environments and hurdles.

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