Robotics Projects for Engineering Students

The term Robot was first introduced by a Czech playwright Karel Capek in the year 1920.It is an intelligent mechanical device. Robotics is one of the branches of technology and deals with designing, creation, operations and applications of robots. The robotics word was derived from the word robot.

The present generation are more considerable in inventing machines that could make their life easier. Robots is one such invention which helps a human to do a work much faster and in a safe manner. Robotics is the branch of technology that deals with the design, construction, operation and application of robots. People are interested in low-power, high speed, reliable solutions.


For selecting a robotic project, every engineering student should consider the following aspects:

  • Is it beneficial for community ?
  • Is the robot capable of solving technical issues.
  • Is it cost effective.

If it is feasible, then the following components has to be considered for assembling a robot:

  • Microcontroller
  • Sensors
  • Indicators
  • Control(Autonomous or computer controlled)
  • Communication(Wired or wireless)
  • Dimensions
  • Power
  • Locomotion

Generally there are four types of robots namely, serial type, mobile type, parallel type and walking type. The major elements of robots include manipulators, end effectors, grippers, power supply and controllers. Robots are used in many applications like medial, space communication and military applications. A few robots are capable of functioning on their own and few others need support from human side.

Industrial robots are used in industries for controlling, programming and  manipulating industrial activities.  These robots are designed to move parts, materials and tools and to perform a variety of tasks in manufacturing and production.  They are capable of carrying large weights.

Let’s now consider a few robotic project ideas for engineering students using microcontroller:

  • Pick-N- Place Robotic Arm and the Movement Controlled by Android Wirelessly
  • Voice Controlled Robotic Vehicle with a Long Distance Speech Recognition
  • War Field Spying Robot with Night Vision Wireless Camera by Android Applications
  • Manchester Code Decoding Controls the Robots Direction by TV Remote
  • Fire Sensing and Control Robotics
  • Robotic Arm Control Through Internet LAN for Patient Operation
  • Fire Fighting Robot Remotely Operated by Android Applications
  • War Field Spying Robot with Night Vision Wireless Camera
  • Fire Fighting Robotic Vehicle
  • Pick-N-Place with a Soft Catching Gripper
  • Metal Detector Robotic Vehicle
  • Cell Phone Controlled Robotic Vehicle
  • Line following Robotic Vehicle Using Microcontroller
  • IR Controlled Robotic Vehicle
  • Touch Screen Based Remote Controlled Robotic Vehicle for Stores Management
  • Auto Metro Train to Shuttle between Stations
  • Obstacle Avoidance Robotic Vehicle
  • RF Controlled Robotic Vehicle with Laser Beam Management
  • Live Human Alerting and Detection Robot
  • Wireless PC Controlled Robot
  • RF Based Remote Controlled Robot with Wireless Video Camera Mounted on it
  • Autonomous Robot with Artificial Vision for Obstacle Detection
  • Wireless Room freshener Spraying Robot with Video Vision
  • Simple Pick and Place Robot
  • Touch Screen Controlled Intelligent Robot
  • Human Robot Interface Using Robust Speech Recognition
  • LPG Gas and Smoke Detection Robot with Wireless Control
  • PC Controlled Wireless Multipurpose Robot
  • Voice Recognizing Robot with a Fire Sensor Indication
  • Remote Controlling Robot with a Fire Sensor
  • Robotic Arm Interfaced with MCU/RF/IR/PC
  • Speed Sprayer Robot
  • Solar Panel Tracking Robo
  • Mobile Controlled Robot using GSM

     

Robotics projects enable students to learn basic concepts and techniques which will challenge them to face large and complex robotics as they become used to practicing them.

 

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PLC training methodology

Generally the Industrial Automation courses includes PLC SCADA HMI VFD SERVO DCS Electrical Design Pneumatics Hydraulics and Motion controls. Effective, high-quality training is absolutely essential for a successful operation in industries. Targeted automation systems training that empowers associates to learn real-world skills and gives them the confidence and know-how to handle robots effectively on work platform.
The curriculum should be developed in-house, clearly written, in an easy to understand format, catering to today’s production needs demand flexibility. It should be capable of engaging the customers.
The essential areas of coverage includes robot operations, programming, automation system training, maintenance and troubleshooting for all major brands.

  • The course curriculum has to be framed to cover everything from simple operational courses to complex, application-specific automation systems training  like incorporate robotics, controls, safety concerns and equipment. It should be able to meet your specific goals, objectives, technologies and budget.
  • Proven training techniques that focus on hands-on robotics objectives,  has to be logically presented in a user-friendly manner.
  • All key aspects are discussed and examples are given to assist the trainer
  • Tests based on the core knowledge has to be given to each student
  • Reference materials has to be  laid out in a user-friendly, easy-to-access format, making critical knowledge easily obtainable
  • Practical sessions has to be  developed from years of experience, using proven training methods. Not only do they make the instructor’s work easier, but more importantly create more consistent skill-building. All of the labs has to be hands-on, intensive and have proven successful for the students attending.

PLC Job Opportunities

PLC programmer jobs have seen increasingly more jobs over the past 5 years and it is projected that this fad is most likely to proceed for some time ahead. While there are a range of factors that play into this reality, the one reality that stands apart to lots of people is that coming to be gotten these positions can be tough at times. It is important to recognize exactly what demands potential staff members should posses in order to be thought about for among these placements.

The Ordinary PLC Developer Task Post

There are a number of common qualities of many PLC developer job posts. The very first is the amount of education and learning that is called for. While there is a great deal of variation around, lots of job postings will call for a level of some kind as a minimal standard. Frequently, a BS in Design is called for. In order to bypass the educational requirements, experience is always taken into consideration to be a reliable alternative. As a basic rule of thumb, it is secure to presume that a business desires at the very least one year (in some cases two years) of experience for every single year that would require to graduate. So if they call for a 4 year level to receive a placement, after that you would certainly need 4-8 years of experience to make up for not having a degree.
PLC Job Opportunities
An additional aspect that is rather consistent is that a PLC developer will usually be asked to work at a selection of areas. This might consist of several different manufacturing plants, in an independent office, and even in your home. It is really based on what size of company you choose to work for. Additionally, every setting will certainly be salary-based rather than hourly. This is makes working from several locations a lot easier to do.

The best ways to Get Sufficient Education and learning to Get a PLC Developer Task

There are a range of ways to obtain the training that you need in order to be a PLC developer. The trick is locating the method that a lot of carefully matches your requirements along with praises your present experience. As an example, if you currently have a solid engineering background or understanding of PLC’s, then you might not require a complete set of coursework in order to discover just what you need to know. This is typically the instance for people that are simply looking to advance their existing job in a related area.
Training in your home has become a popular choice. Home training programs are commonly produced as well as supplied by companies that have made it so that you could discover at your recreation, without aid. Depending on the program that you select, there could be different sizes of time allot for you to complete it. This technique is best for people that succeed at finding out independently or have troubles finding out in a lecture-based setup.
If you do not need a totally extensive training program, there are a variety of other options such as PLC Simulators and Training Software program. This often is more practical for individuals that have to obtain real hands-on experience, yet already have a standard understanding of the theory behind PLC programs.

Implementation on Humanoid Robot

The complying with write-up explains the style and execution of the recommended switching command based teleoperation tract. The entire body teleoperation system was applied to start with on an online robot design and checked utilizing a simulator, OpenHRP, which is established in the HRP. We implemented the system on a real humanoid robot, HRP-1S, additionally created in the HRP having confirmed the performance of the algorithms.

Implementation on Humanoid Robot

HRP-1S is a humanoid robot 1600mm in height, 600mm in size as well as 99kg in weight leaving out batteries in hands on robotics. It has 30 DOF (degrees of flexibility), with 8 DOFs in each arm including a 1 DOF hand gripper, 6 DOF in each leg, and also 2 DOFs in the head.

The upper body is equipped with a disposition sensor has of gyroscopes as well as G-force sensors. Each wrist and also foot is geared up with a pressure as well as torque sensor. The head is geared up with two of camera.

The equipment for the proposed master control tract is built utilizing a 3D screen, a robot state display and 2 joysticks. The 3D display supplies genuine pictures captured by the stereo video cameras on board of HRP-1S. The robot state screen aids the operator for a much more effective teleoperation by providing the slave robot details making use of a visual simulator as well as a text console robotic process. The aesthetic simulator offers a 3D simulation displaying present arrangement of the robot, which is simulated base on the data of all, joints the robot. The content console presents the inclination information sensing units and force or torque sensors of the robot, and the genuine ZMP worth computed based upon the force sensors information furnished on each foot.

It utilizes 2 3 DOFs joysticks, Microsoft Sidewinder Accuracy 2, as the input controling user interface target factors of the humanoid robot. Buttons are alloted for the choice of eight target points: right/left hand, right/left wrist, best/ left foot, head and torso.

Occasionally, the robot hand is much more precise as well as trustful compared to a human one. Unique software application aids our robotic friends to avoid confusion or loss of the samples or of the food, if you such as. Less damage is made by cherry selecting of a robot, compared to a worn out and focused hand while picking crops. Need I claim regarding that DNA example that needs to be lugged with optimal care?

Implementation on Humanoid Robot

Whatever the biography sample is, it should be protected in a secure format for future robots. We understand that study is a long term task and having the ability to archive the samples for a long-term is a crucial factor. That helps plants also. Once they are taken care of effectively, they will certainly await the robots to select them next year too.

Future of Robotics

A robotic is an instantly guided device which is able to do tasks by itself, usually as a result of electronically-programmed directions. The word could refer to both physical and online software program agents, but the latter are typically described as bots. There is no consensus on which equipments certify as robots yet there is basic contract among professionals, and also the public, that they tend to do some or every one of the following: move around, run a mechanical limb, sense and adjust their environment, as well as exhibit intelligent practices – specifically behaviour which mimics humans or various other animals. Robotic scientific research will certainly alter the globe

Future of Robotics

As they end up being more advanced, ultimately there could be a common computer os created mainly for them. Robotic Os (ROS) is an open-source collection of programs being created at Stanford University, the Massachusetts Institute of Modern technology as well as the Technical University of Munich, Germany, among others. ROS gives means to program their navigating and limbs no matter the certain equipment included. It additionally provides high-level commands for products like picture acknowledgment as well as opening doors. When ROS boots up on a robot’s computer, it would certainly obtain information on characteristics such as the size and also activity of its arm or legs. It would relay this information to higher-level algorithms. Microsoft is additionally developing a “Windows for robots” tract with its Robotics Developer Workshop, which has actually been available given that 2007.

They are designed in various shapes and sizes. Humanoid, modular, academic as well as sporting activities robots are just a few various kinds. Lara is the very first female humanoid robot with fabricated muscle mass as opposed to electrical motors. Modular robots can be constructed from conventional building blocks that can be incorporated use of robots in different ways. RoboCup and also TOPIO are examples of sports robots. Caterpillar prepares to establish distant controlled devices and also expects to establish totally independent heavy robots by 2021 with PLC developments. Some cranes already are push-button control. Robots such as HOSPI are made use of as couriers in hospitals, and so on. Other healthcare facility activities performed by them are assistants, overviews as well as concierges. They can act as waiters and also cooks.

Today’s market is not completely mature. One or more software program compatibility layers have yet to arise to enable the growth of an abundant robotics ecosystem (just like today’s desktop computers one). Microsoft is currently working in this instructions with its new software Microsoft Robotics Center. Other candidates to reach this objective could be Totally free Software application solutions such as Player/Stage or cross-platform modern technologies such as URBI.

Future of Robotics

A robotic timeline anticipates that every South Oriental home will have a robot and also lots of European in 2015-2020. In 2018 they will routinely execute surgical procedure. 2022 – Intelligent ones that notice their atmosphere, deciding, and find out are utilized in 30 % of homes and also companies. 2030 – They will can executing at human level at the majority of manual works. They will do the majority of home activities in 2034. 2015 – one third of US fighting strength will certainly be composed of robots. 2035 – Very first completely autonomous robotic soldiers effective. 2038 – First entirely self-governing robotic flying vehicle. 2013-2017 – robots that look after the senior will be manufactured.

Robotic science will certainly transform the globe. Virtually every little thing will be done by robots in the future. We only hope that robots never ever expand powerful adequate to intimidate human lots of people. Robots will only facilitate human lives.