Robotics Projects for Engineering Students

The term Robot was first introduced by a Czech playwright Karel Capek in the year 1920.It is an intelligent mechanical device. Robotics is one of the branches of technology and deals with designing, creation, operations and applications of robots. The robotics word was derived from the word robot.

The present generation are more considerable in inventing machines that could make their life easier. Robots is one such invention which helps a human to do a work much faster and in a safe manner. Robotics is the branch of technology that deals with the design, construction, operation and application of robots. People are interested in low-power, high speed, reliable solutions.


For selecting a robotic project, every engineering student should consider the following aspects:

  • Is it beneficial for community ?
  • Is the robot capable of solving technical issues.
  • Is it cost effective.

If it is feasible, then the following components has to be considered for assembling a robot:

  • Microcontroller
  • Sensors
  • Indicators
  • Control(Autonomous or computer controlled)
  • Communication(Wired or wireless)
  • Dimensions
  • Power
  • Locomotion

Generally there are four types of robots namely, serial type, mobile type, parallel type and walking type. The major elements of robots include manipulators, end effectors, grippers, power supply and controllers. Robots are used in many applications like medial, space communication and military applications. A few robots are capable of functioning on their own and few others need support from human side.

Industrial robots are used in industries for controlling, programming and  manipulating industrial activities.  These robots are designed to move parts, materials and tools and to perform a variety of tasks in manufacturing and production.  They are capable of carrying large weights.

Let’s now consider a few robotic project ideas for engineering students using microcontroller:

  • Pick-N- Place Robotic Arm and the Movement Controlled by Android Wirelessly
  • Voice Controlled Robotic Vehicle with a Long Distance Speech Recognition
  • War Field Spying Robot with Night Vision Wireless Camera by Android Applications
  • Manchester Code Decoding Controls the Robots Direction by TV Remote
  • Fire Sensing and Control Robotics
  • Robotic Arm Control Through Internet LAN for Patient Operation
  • Fire Fighting Robot Remotely Operated by Android Applications
  • War Field Spying Robot with Night Vision Wireless Camera
  • Fire Fighting Robotic Vehicle
  • Pick-N-Place with a Soft Catching Gripper
  • Metal Detector Robotic Vehicle
  • Cell Phone Controlled Robotic Vehicle
  • Line following Robotic Vehicle Using Microcontroller
  • IR Controlled Robotic Vehicle
  • Touch Screen Based Remote Controlled Robotic Vehicle for Stores Management
  • Auto Metro Train to Shuttle between Stations
  • Obstacle Avoidance Robotic Vehicle
  • RF Controlled Robotic Vehicle with Laser Beam Management
  • Live Human Alerting and Detection Robot
  • Wireless PC Controlled Robot
  • RF Based Remote Controlled Robot with Wireless Video Camera Mounted on it
  • Autonomous Robot with Artificial Vision for Obstacle Detection
  • Wireless Room freshener Spraying Robot with Video Vision
  • Simple Pick and Place Robot
  • Touch Screen Controlled Intelligent Robot
  • Human Robot Interface Using Robust Speech Recognition
  • LPG Gas and Smoke Detection Robot with Wireless Control
  • PC Controlled Wireless Multipurpose Robot
  • Voice Recognizing Robot with a Fire Sensor Indication
  • Remote Controlling Robot with a Fire Sensor
  • Robotic Arm Interfaced with MCU/RF/IR/PC
  • Speed Sprayer Robot
  • Solar Panel Tracking Robo
  • Mobile Controlled Robot using GSM

     

Robotics projects enable students to learn basic concepts and techniques which will challenge them to face large and complex robotics as they become used to practicing them.

 

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PLC training methodology

Generally the Industrial Automation courses includes PLC SCADA HMI VFD SERVO DCS Electrical Design Pneumatics Hydraulics and Motion controls. Effective, high-quality training is absolutely essential for a successful operation in industries. Targeted automation systems training that empowers associates to learn real-world skills and gives them the confidence and know-how to handle robots effectively on work platform.
The curriculum should be developed in-house, clearly written, in an easy to understand format, catering to today’s production needs demand flexibility. It should be capable of engaging the customers.
The essential areas of coverage includes robot operations, programming, automation system training, maintenance and troubleshooting for all major brands.

  • The course curriculum has to be framed to cover everything from simple operational courses to complex, application-specific automation systems training  like incorporate robotics, controls, safety concerns and equipment. It should be able to meet your specific goals, objectives, technologies and budget.
  • Proven training techniques that focus on hands-on robotics objectives,  has to be logically presented in a user-friendly manner.
  • All key aspects are discussed and examples are given to assist the trainer
  • Tests based on the core knowledge has to be given to each student
  • Reference materials has to be  laid out in a user-friendly, easy-to-access format, making critical knowledge easily obtainable
  • Practical sessions has to be  developed from years of experience, using proven training methods. Not only do they make the instructor’s work easier, but more importantly create more consistent skill-building. All of the labs has to be hands-on, intensive and have proven successful for the students attending.

Importance of robotics training

The  robotics is the branch of the computer science , the mechanical engineering , and the electrical engineering that deals with the construction , the design , the operation and the application of robots as well as the computer systems for their control , sensory feedback , and information processing .

The educational robots strengthen  and enhances the skills of the students and allows them to gain knowledge on creation , the design , the assembly and the operation of robots .

The creation  by using robotics is built with different types of materials which are controlled by a computer system , So , they are called the prototypes or the simulations . There are a perfect relation between the robot hardware and the robot software in the robotics  because the robotics movements are a link between the physical and the logical .

The robotics are vital in automation Technology. Robotics adapt the students to the current production processes which is related to the use of the mechanical , the electronic and the computer-based , in the operation and control of the production .

robotics-2

The robotics are an easy and fun way to help the student to be interested in science , the educational robots are really educational and exciting , they help the students to understand as the robotics system is considered beyond a working application .

Studying the robotics in the classroom engages the youth who would interested in the technology or the engineering , and bring high-technology down to the practical everyday level . The robotics can help the students increase the creativity with engineering disciplines , They can build and strengthen cognitive development such as the mathematics , the engineering , the communication skills , the strategic thinking and goal-oriented thinking . The robotics can build the engineering intuition through constant engineering process , and it can emphasize the meaningful problem-based learning through the integration and application of knowledge .

The robotics can engage the students in the complex , strategic problem-solving , computational thinking and higher order thinking in the successful research in science and  engineering .

The robotics can build the ability to think through the problems strategically with a focus on logical reasoning , analytical reasoning , and the critical thinking ,  This ability is required not only in the  critical science fields , but a lot other professional areas as well .

The robotics can prepare the students for the competitive workforce especially in science technology which will be in great demand and they are creative ways to keep the learning going .

Need for Robotics

Robots are more potential than humans and their outcomes are incredible and marvelous. Robotics are sure to take the position of human labor in all industries for increased production and revenue. In future we may find ourselves integrating with the robots for successful completion of any task. But critics say that, we still don’t know how safe, effective, and accessible human enhancement technologies will be. It’s also an open question as to whether or not human enhancement will ever be socially sanctioned. Let’s now consider how could robots outrun human intervention:

1. Mass Production

It’s easier to build robots to perform task for us. When a robot is built, they ensure mass production in a more considerable time rather than humans. Industries rely on fully automated systems capable of manufacturing other robots on an assembly line.

2. Mind Transfer From One Robot to Another

Robots will be able to change their bodies at will.In the far future, robots will be able to transfer, or upload, their digital minds from one robot to another. Should a robot body fail, become obsolete, or inadequate for a given task, there will always be another one available.

3. Advanced Intelligence

Digital or hybrid minds will be far more robust and specialized than those of humans.

A robotic brain could be designed to excel at any number of arbitrary tasks. Robots will be able to calculate better and faster than humans, have superior pattern recognition skills, unlimited attention spans, and infallible memory.

4. Easier to Upgrade

Robots will also have improved access to their internal physical and cognitive states. It’ll be easy for us to upgrade robots, but they’ll eventually be able to do it themselves. Robots will improve faster than humans and adapt quicker to new environments and hurdles.

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PLC Job Opportunities

PLC programmer jobs have seen increasingly more jobs over the past 5 years and it is projected that this fad is most likely to proceed for some time ahead. While there are a range of factors that play into this reality, the one reality that stands apart to lots of people is that coming to be gotten these positions can be tough at times. It is important to recognize exactly what demands potential staff members should posses in order to be thought about for among these placements.

The Ordinary PLC Developer Task Post

There are a number of common qualities of many PLC developer job posts. The very first is the amount of education and learning that is called for. While there is a great deal of variation around, lots of job postings will call for a level of some kind as a minimal standard. Frequently, a BS in Design is called for. In order to bypass the educational requirements, experience is always taken into consideration to be a reliable alternative. As a basic rule of thumb, it is secure to presume that a business desires at the very least one year (in some cases two years) of experience for every single year that would require to graduate. So if they call for a 4 year level to receive a placement, after that you would certainly need 4-8 years of experience to make up for not having a degree.
PLC Job Opportunities
An additional aspect that is rather consistent is that a PLC developer will usually be asked to work at a selection of areas. This might consist of several different manufacturing plants, in an independent office, and even in your home. It is really based on what size of company you choose to work for. Additionally, every setting will certainly be salary-based rather than hourly. This is makes working from several locations a lot easier to do.

The best ways to Get Sufficient Education and learning to Get a PLC Developer Task

There are a range of ways to obtain the training that you need in order to be a PLC developer. The trick is locating the method that a lot of carefully matches your requirements along with praises your present experience. As an example, if you currently have a solid engineering background or understanding of PLC’s, then you might not require a complete set of coursework in order to discover just what you need to know. This is typically the instance for people that are simply looking to advance their existing job in a related area.
Training in your home has become a popular choice. Home training programs are commonly produced as well as supplied by companies that have made it so that you could discover at your recreation, without aid. Depending on the program that you select, there could be different sizes of time allot for you to complete it. This technique is best for people that succeed at finding out independently or have troubles finding out in a lecture-based setup.
If you do not need a totally extensive training program, there are a variety of other options such as PLC Simulators and Training Software program. This often is more practical for individuals that have to obtain real hands-on experience, yet already have a standard understanding of the theory behind PLC programs.

PLC History and Development

Programmable Logic Controllers (PLC) were originally developed for the United States automotive manufacturing market to replace relay logic systems. The vehicle industry adopted PLCs at first for software application modification that changed rewiring of control board was made use of by the changing of production designs. Before PLC, the procedure to change and also upgrade establishments for its new model annually was pricey and time-intensive because each relay needed to be separately re-wired.

PLC History & Development

In 1986, GM requested a proposition for a gadget that would electronically alter this relay system. Winning this task proposal, Prick Morely of Bedford Associates is called the “daddy” of the PLC with their 084 PLC as the original item of its kind. Bedford Associated started the company Modicon to assist ensure and also service its 084 PLC, which was later on offered to the German business now called AEG. Later it is then implemented for humanoid robotics. Schneider Electric in France is now the current owner of Modicon’s 084 PLC. The PLC is now a vital part of several production sectors conserving hours of time and thousands of bucks, yet the automotive market continuously is perhaps the largest PLC customer.

PLC Functions & System Devices

PLC’s essential feature is to rewire the hard-wired control panels digitally that, or else, require that each of the hundreds or even thousands of relays is changed separately for robotics futures. PLCs accept information from buttons, sensors, and controls to monitor and also drive various equipment as well as devices. PLC features have increased from its standard substitute of relay logic circuits to more advanced functions entailing PIP application. The benefits and also duties of the PLC are now found in industries past vehicle production, including food handling, mining and setting control.

PLC History & Development

Early PLCs were scheduled to resemble a graphic style of relay logic (called ladder logic) to help decrease the training required for professionals, though some made use of more of a guideline listing type of programs with the best plc training in Coimbatore region. PLC’s today may take the kind of this ladder logic or state logic, a far more complex shows language. Ladder logic is regularly made use of today because it enables the PLC program to find more quickly concerns with a timing of the logic series. PLCs today are set utilized computer system software program which functions likewise as a troubleshooting tool for the PLC software application.

PLC features have progressed considering that the 084 to consist of motion control, consecutive relay control, process control, networking as well as distributed control systems for robotic process automation. Today, PLC data handling, storage space, interaction devices, and refining power amounts to that of a home computer. In fact, there are desktop computer logic applications that when incorporated with I/O hardware can overlap some PLC features, which might be a lot more valuable in smaller sized centers or much less urgent circumstances. The benefit to PLCs in the form of a desktop computer logic application is typically the lower expense.

Nonetheless, usefulness is one location preventing some markets to still not yet entirely adopt PLC’s, especially the heavy industry makers as a result of worries over home computer life, expense and also toughness in humidity, harsher temperature levels as well as less calm atmospheres. As anticipated, the PLC has transformed from its initial functions to the a lot more potent PLC’s utilized by markets today. Programmers have additionally branched off from the PLC with the introduction of Programmable Logic Relays (PLR’s), providing comparable features as the PLC with the very same objective in mind.

Implementation on Humanoid Robot

The complying with write-up explains the style and execution of the recommended switching command based teleoperation tract. The entire body teleoperation system was applied to start with on an online robot design and checked utilizing a simulator, OpenHRP, which is established in the HRP. We implemented the system on a real humanoid robot, HRP-1S, additionally created in the HRP having confirmed the performance of the algorithms.

Implementation on Humanoid Robot

HRP-1S is a humanoid robot 1600mm in height, 600mm in size as well as 99kg in weight leaving out batteries in hands on robotics. It has 30 DOF (degrees of flexibility), with 8 DOFs in each arm including a 1 DOF hand gripper, 6 DOF in each leg, and also 2 DOFs in the head.

The upper body is equipped with a disposition sensor has of gyroscopes as well as G-force sensors. Each wrist and also foot is geared up with a pressure as well as torque sensor. The head is geared up with two of camera.

The equipment for the proposed master control tract is built utilizing a 3D screen, a robot state display and 2 joysticks. The 3D display supplies genuine pictures captured by the stereo video cameras on board of HRP-1S. The robot state screen aids the operator for a much more effective teleoperation by providing the slave robot details making use of a visual simulator as well as a text console robotic process. The aesthetic simulator offers a 3D simulation displaying present arrangement of the robot, which is simulated base on the data of all, joints the robot. The content console presents the inclination information sensing units and force or torque sensors of the robot, and the genuine ZMP worth computed based upon the force sensors information furnished on each foot.

It utilizes 2 3 DOFs joysticks, Microsoft Sidewinder Accuracy 2, as the input controling user interface target factors of the humanoid robot. Buttons are alloted for the choice of eight target points: right/left hand, right/left wrist, best/ left foot, head and torso.

Occasionally, the robot hand is much more precise as well as trustful compared to a human one. Unique software application aids our robotic friends to avoid confusion or loss of the samples or of the food, if you such as. Less damage is made by cherry selecting of a robot, compared to a worn out and focused hand while picking crops. Need I claim regarding that DNA example that needs to be lugged with optimal care?

Implementation on Humanoid Robot

Whatever the biography sample is, it should be protected in a secure format for future robots. We understand that study is a long term task and having the ability to archive the samples for a long-term is a crucial factor. That helps plants also. Once they are taken care of effectively, they will certainly await the robots to select them next year too.

Future of Robotics

A robotic is an instantly guided device which is able to do tasks by itself, usually as a result of electronically-programmed directions. The word could refer to both physical and online software program agents, but the latter are typically described as bots. There is no consensus on which equipments certify as robots yet there is basic contract among professionals, and also the public, that they tend to do some or every one of the following: move around, run a mechanical limb, sense and adjust their environment, as well as exhibit intelligent practices – specifically behaviour which mimics humans or various other animals. Robotic scientific research will certainly alter the globe

Future of Robotics

As they end up being more advanced, ultimately there could be a common computer os created mainly for them. Robotic Os (ROS) is an open-source collection of programs being created at Stanford University, the Massachusetts Institute of Modern technology as well as the Technical University of Munich, Germany, among others. ROS gives means to program their navigating and limbs no matter the certain equipment included. It additionally provides high-level commands for products like picture acknowledgment as well as opening doors. When ROS boots up on a robot’s computer, it would certainly obtain information on characteristics such as the size and also activity of its arm or legs. It would relay this information to higher-level algorithms. Microsoft is additionally developing a “Windows for robots” tract with its Robotics Developer Workshop, which has actually been available given that 2007.

They are designed in various shapes and sizes. Humanoid, modular, academic as well as sporting activities robots are just a few various kinds. Lara is the very first female humanoid robot with fabricated muscle mass as opposed to electrical motors. Modular robots can be constructed from conventional building blocks that can be incorporated use of robots in different ways. RoboCup and also TOPIO are examples of sports robots. Caterpillar prepares to establish distant controlled devices and also expects to establish totally independent heavy robots by 2021 with PLC developments. Some cranes already are push-button control. Robots such as HOSPI are made use of as couriers in hospitals, and so on. Other healthcare facility activities performed by them are assistants, overviews as well as concierges. They can act as waiters and also cooks.

Today’s market is not completely mature. One or more software program compatibility layers have yet to arise to enable the growth of an abundant robotics ecosystem (just like today’s desktop computers one). Microsoft is currently working in this instructions with its new software Microsoft Robotics Center. Other candidates to reach this objective could be Totally free Software application solutions such as Player/Stage or cross-platform modern technologies such as URBI.

Future of Robotics

A robotic timeline anticipates that every South Oriental home will have a robot and also lots of European in 2015-2020. In 2018 they will routinely execute surgical procedure. 2022 – Intelligent ones that notice their atmosphere, deciding, and find out are utilized in 30 % of homes and also companies. 2030 – They will can executing at human level at the majority of manual works. They will do the majority of home activities in 2034. 2015 – one third of US fighting strength will certainly be composed of robots. 2035 – Very first completely autonomous robotic soldiers effective. 2038 – First entirely self-governing robotic flying vehicle. 2013-2017 – robots that look after the senior will be manufactured.

Robotic science will certainly transform the globe. Virtually every little thing will be done by robots in the future. We only hope that robots never ever expand powerful adequate to intimidate human lots of people. Robots will only facilitate human lives.

Understanding the Use Of Robotic Process Automation

The scientific research of robotics has actually brought higher development to the manufacturing industry compared to nearly other modern technology as well as robots are made use of in a wide range of various other markets today, including the service industry. Robotic automation software program allows these Robotics to execute time consuming and/or recurring activities, which frees sources for various other activities as well as enabling businesses to minimize the dimension of their workforce.

Understanding the Use Of Robotic Process Automation

Compelling Reasons

There are a number of reasons that all business markets are now buying modern robotics. For those that are starting, choosing to have a robot system in place suggests far better productivity and raised rate. This is substantial if all companies are to compete with bigger market gamers.

There is a massive distinction while used to do jobs. This as well has a favorable effect on employee result as they now have added time to devote to other a lot more essential obligations.

Ultimately, this proficiency effective leads to greater earnings for all business owners. They really end up being more competent in managing their customers’ demands and as an end result, they acquire much more business.

Therefore, in the long run, we could say robotics aids all types of companies decrease general running prices as expenses on employee-related expenses can be removed totally.

Getting rid of Human Error

Among the advantages of the use of robotic automation is that it boosts the high quality and the uniformity of work by getting rid of the probability of human mistake from the equation. When correctly programmed and also preserved, robots could offer perfectly reproducible work which is free of error. This suggests greater performance and also much less waste for firms, particularly in industries which produce durable goods.

Reducing Prices

Some of the work that human staff members do might never ever be done by robots, however there are numerous tasks which are completely suited to robot automation. By automating these works, firms can substantially minimize their pay-roll costs and also keep their overhead as reduced as possible– this then enables companies to provide lower prices to clients as well as produce higher earnings for stakeholders.

Improved Customer support

Robot automation software program could also aid business to boost their customer support procedures. Robotics don’t get sick, take vacations or require breaks. Upkeep and software program upgrades take a reasonably short time; this greatly increased efficiency makes it feasible for companies to commit more resources to enhanced customer care and client relationships initiatives. The end outcome is a completely satisfied client base as well as greater profits for businesses with the smarter allotment of limited resources.

Higher Reliability

Understanding the Use Of Robotic Process Automations

Robot process automation enables recurring, fairly unskilled jobs to be taken care of in such a way which reduces the chance of errors in the production process. The very same holds true of back office functions; incorporating automation software application into these processes additionally raises accuracy and also performance by getting rid of human error. This is especially real of accountancy and payroll handling, where mistakes could potentially be quite expensive. Automating these important activities can produce a substantial quantity of cost savings for companies throughout every economic sector.

There are a wide variety of benefits which are offered to firms that make the option to make use of robot automation in their operations. Whether it’s a manufacturing firm or a company which supplies solutions to consumers or various other companies, selecting the ideal robotic automation software could lead to the type of efficiency and accuracy which translates right into having the ability to remain ahead of the competition in a company climate which seems to be obtaining harder with every death year.